Regardless of your age or physical health, it's important to have regular eye exams.
During a complete eye exam, your eye doctor will not only determine your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses, but will also check your eyes for common eye diseases, assess how your eyes work together as a team and evaluate your eyes as an indicator of your overall health. Learn about Eye Care Services at TSO Schertz.
A comprehensive eye exam includes a number of tests and procedures. These tests range from simple ones, like having you read an eye chart, to complex tests, such as using a high-powered lens to examine the health of the tissues inside of your eyes.
Routine Eye Exams for Adults
Even if you don't normally need vision correction, you should still have an eye exam every year. Depending on your rate of visual change and overall health, doctors might recommend more frequent examinations. Factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders can have a major impact on vision and eye health.
If you are over 40, it's a good idea to have your eyes examined for common age-related eye problems such as presbyopia (ability to see clearly at close distances), cataracts and macular degeneration (read more about Vision After 40.)
The risk of eye disease continues to increase with advancing age. In the years after you turn 60, a number of eye diseases may develop that can change your vision permanently. The earlier these problems are detected and treated, the more likely you can retain good vision (read more about Vision After 60.)
Eye Exams for Infants and Children
It is important to know that a vision screening by a child's pediatrician or at his or her preschool is not the same as a comprehensive eye and vision examination by an optometrist. They are a limited evaluation and can't be used to diagnose an eye or vision problem, but rather may indicate a potential need for further testing. Screenings can miss as much as 60% of children with vision problems.
- Sitting close to the TV or holding a book too close
- Tilting their head
- Frequently rubbing their eyes
- Short attention span for the child's age
- Turning of an eye in or out
- Sensitivity to light
- Difficulty with eye-hand-body coordination
Common risk factors for vision problems include:
- premature birth
- developmental delays
- turned or crossed eyes
- family history of eye disease
- history of eye injury
- other physical illness or disease